How to weave on a loom

Making a frame loom; calculating warp yarn needed; putting the yarn on the loom

In weaving, the threads stretched onto the loom are called warp. Warping is easy on a small frame loom, which can be used for such projects as cushion covers, bags, and table mats.

You can buy a frame loom at a craft store, or make one with 1 x 2 pine or fir two pieces 20 inches long and two pieces 15 inches. Lay the two shorter pieces across the longer ones; use an L or T square to form right angles. Glue the joints; reinforce them with 11/2-inch screws. Hammer 1-inch brads along the shorter pieces, spacing them ‘A inch apart and staggered.

A warp yarn should be smooth, springy, and strong. For a frame loom, use knitting worsted, worsted warp yarn, (available at some craft shops), rug warp, or string. To calculate the amount of warp youll need, multiply the length of the frame loom (20 inches) times the number of strands perinch (8) times the width of the project; add 2 yards extra. For a pillow cover 14 inches square, you’ll need 64 yards.

Tie one end of the warp yarn to a nail at the top of the loom. Run the yarn down the loom to the nail directly opposite, then hack up to the next nail, and so on, tying the end at the last nail. Strive for a soft, springy tension- neither taut nor sagging. As weft yarn is inserted, the warp will be stretched tighter.