To cut with the grain of the wood, use your rip saw. Hold it in a more slanting position than the cross cut saw, at an angle of about 60 degrees. Be even more careful not to press hard to avoid splitting the wood.
A coping saw can do fine work and allows the craftsman to cut wood at different angles and curves. This type of saw has removable blades which are thin and fragile. They should be changed frequently.
When the rather large frame of a coping saw makes it impossible to use on a job, a compass saw is useful. Usually you drill a hole with brace and bit where you wish to start, then insert the pointed tip of the blade of your compass saw, and go ahead at a curve or angle.
A keyhole saw resembles a compass saw, but is smaller, and is used mainly for curves on delicate, small pieces. Have you ever watched a carpenter at work? Remember how maddeningly deliberate he seemed. But the deliberate workers usually produce clean, sharp edges – and they avoid disaster. So remember to take time out to sharpen your saw first, and then take it easy. Hacksaws
Hacksaws are used to saw metals. There are two parts to a hacksaw – the frame and the blade. Common hand hacksaws have either adjustable or solid frames.
However, most hacksaws are now made with an adjustable frame. Hacksaw blades of various types are inserted in these adjustable frames for different kinds of work. Adjustable frames can be changed to hold blades from 8 to 16 inches long. Solid frames, although more rigid, will take only the length blade for which they are made. This length is the distance between the two pins which hold the blade in place.
The better frames are made with a pistol-grip handle. Recently, several manufacturers have put out frames with the handle in an inverted position. The idea is that the force applied on the forward stroke of the saw is delivered in direct line with the blade. Monkey and Stilson Wrenches